Advantages & Disadvantages between North & South
leading up to the Civil War

NORTHERN STATES

SOUTHERN STATES

Population

21.5 million

9 million

Railroad mileage

21.7 thousand miles

9 thousand miles

MANUFACTURING

   Number of factories

110.1 thousand

20.6 thousand

   Number of workers

1.17 million

111 thousand

   Value of products

$1.62 billion

$155 million

FINANCE

   Bank deposits

$207 million

$47 million

   Specie

$56 million

$27 million

AGRICULTURE

   Corn (bushels)

446 million

280 million

   Wheat (bushels)

132 million

31 million

   Oats (bushels)

150 million

20 million

   Cotton (bales)

4 thousand

5 million

   Tobacco (pounds)

229 million

199 million

   Rice (pounds)

50 thousand

187 million

LIVESTOCK

   Horses

4.2 million

1.7 million

   Donkeys and Mules

300 thousand

800 thousand

   Milk Cows

5.7 million

2.7 million

   Beef cattle

6.6 million

7 million

   Sheep

16 million

5 million

   Swine

16.3 million

15.5 million

 

 

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